resources: The district is traversed by two main rivers, the
Godavari and the Girna. Many small streams meet the Godavari during
its course in the district, the important amongst these being
the Kadva, Darna and Nasardi. The Girna is also formed of many
streams, the prominent being the Aram, Mosam, Panjan and Maniad.
The total length of the fluvial waters within the district is
about 560 kilometers.
reservoirs for irrigation offer good scope for development of
reservoir fisheries, The main reservoirs in the district are
Chankapur 416.826 hectares (1,030 acres), Gangapur 2,428.116
hectares (6,000 acres) and Darna 3,253. 675 hectares (8,040
acres). Out of 57 tanks, which are either perennial, long or
short seasonal, there are only 5 perennial tanks and the approximate
total water-spread area of the reservoirs, tanks and ponds is
about 9,186.372 hectares (22,700 acres).
Fishes: The bulk of the commercial catch from the rivers
and streams, comprises mainly Murrels, Catfishes and minor varieties
of carps. The estimated fish production from riverine resources
approximates 45 metric tons per annum.
varieties of fishes, occurring naturally in the water resources
of the district are as under:
|SNAKE - HEADED FISHES
– Mast Acembelidae
Methods of Fishing: Gear, which is commonly used in the district is
the cast-net, locally called "Phenk
Jal". Another gear, which is equally common, is a drag
net, locally called "Mahajal"
or "Vichari " or "Tol". The drag net with a three-quarter
inch mesh is called "Mandur",
and with one-quarter inch mesh it is called "Pelni". Gill net or "Tangadi
Jal" is also used in some parts.
and gill nets are operated mainly in the rivers, when these,
prior to monsoon, run low. Material used for fabricating nets
is only cotton twine. After the introduction of synthetic material
in preparing gear, fishermen in the district have been progressively
replacing cotton twine with twines of synthetic materials, such
as Nylon, Terene etc. Twines of synthetic material being much
more costly than cotton, it compensates this cost for advantages
in terms of more catch and better durability of synthetic twine
nets than nets of cotton twine. To encourage the fishermen to
go, in for this change, they are given subsidy.
using nets for catching fish, fishermen in the district use
funnel-shaped bamboo traps about a meter long with two-third
meter circular opening. The bamboo traps are operated, mostly
during rainy season at the corners of rice-fields where water
drains off, or in the fair weather, in the channels of the small
streams. Only small sized fishes are caught in the trap. Fishing
by rod and line is also practised on a small scale.
Fishing Communities: There are about 500 fishermen, who are scattered
about in the district, without forming concentrations of fishing
villages. They belong to the communities of Dhimars, Bhois,
Kolis and Bhils. Dhimars and Bhois depend entirely on fishing,
whereas Kolis and Bhils catch fish for their consumption only.
Developmental activities: Considering the potential of water resources, particularly
the irrigation reservoirs, from the viewpoint of developing
fisheries in the district and thereby bringing about amelioration
in socioeconomic condition of fishermen, the Department of
Fisheries has established an office in the district under the
charge of Assistant Superintendent of Fisheries, Nasik.
As the natural
waters are lacking in large densities of quick-growing varieties
of fish, such as, Catla, Rohu and Mrigal, the water resources,
particularly the tank and reservoirs are surveyed with a view
to bringing about on progressive scale as much area of water
surface as possible under the culture of these three types of
fishes. For this purpose, water resources in the district are
stocked every year with the fry and finger lings of major carps.
Efforts are also progressively made to produce the requisite
fry within the district by artificial methods of fish breeding.
the socio-economic field, although the fishermen are scattered,
efforts have been made to organise them into Fishermen's Co-operative
Societies. There are, at present six such societies. As a result
fishermen have come forward to take advantage of the developmental
schemes. The department helps these societies in getting tanks
on lease for the purpose of pisciculture, besides giving financial
assistance, by way of loan and subsidy, on the essential commodities
required for the trade, such as nylon and cotton twines, boats
etc. Similar financial assistance is also granted for construction
of rearing and nursery tanks, desilting and renovating tanks
and screening of the outlets with a view to increase the production